### Difference Between Sag Mill vs Ball Mill - mech4study

The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 9% to 20%.This process takes place inside the large rotating drum of SAG mill which is filled with balls partially. Interior of the drum uses the lifting plates. These plates inside the drum are responsible for picking the grinding material up to fall down again throughout the rotations.

### AN OVERVIEW OF SINGLE STAGE AUTOGENOUS …

5 Low ball charge SAG mill, high mill speed. (4% ball charge, 90% Nc) A cross between AG and SAG for competent, abrasive ores. As typically operated in RSA. 6 SAG mill (configurations 3, and 5 ) with recycle crusher Competent ores, better suited to coarse grind sizes as circulating loads can be high 7 SAG mills treating partially or fully ...

### Measuring SAG Mill Charge and the Increased Benefits of ...

Measuring SAG Mill Charge and the Increased Benefits of Utilizing Accelerometers for Positioning ... Increased bearing pressure should translate to a higher charge toe location i.e. the more the ...

### SAG Mill Grinding Circuit Design - 911metallurgist.com

With a higher density mill charge. SAG mills have a higher installed power density for a given plant footprint relative to AC mills. With the …

### SAGMILLING.COM .:. tools_millfilling

Enter the number of lifters that are exposed above the mill charge. Fractions are acceptable and should be used in the case where the charge does not sit uniformly in the mill. For example, you may have 29 rows exposed at the discharge end of the mill, and only 28 exposed at the feed end.

### A mill power equation for SAG mills | SpringerLink

where m p is in kW; D is internal mill diameter (meters), L is internal mill length (meters); J is total fractional charge loading of the mill; J B is the fractional mill filling by balls; ε B is the effective porosity of the charge, taken as 0.3; ρ s and ρ b are true densities of rock and balls (tons per cubic meter), respectively; w c is the weight fraction of rock in water and rock in ...

### calculates the grinding charge of a ball mill | Mining ...

mill charge and speed. SAG Mill product P80 values are typically in the range of … OPTIMIZING SAG MILL PRODUCT SIZE IN SAG MILL _ BALL MILL GRINDING CIRCUITS

### ERSEL Ağır Makine San. ve Tic. A.Ş.

* Semi-autogenous (SAG) grinding is a grinding process carried out with small amount of ball charge (4-15%) unlike ball mills and with the help of bigger parts crumbling the smaller parts of ore. * To achieve this type of grinding, SAG mills with large diameter and short length have been developed to take advantage of the kinetic energy of the ...

### SAG mill ball charge determination and its influence on ...

In semi-autogenous grinding (SAG), the grinding mill inventory, (i.e. volume of total charge, volume of ball charge, etc.) is important in determining the optimum operating condition for maximum production (tph), minimum specific energy (kwh/t) or lowest cost ($/t). A two-dimensional graphical method is presented for determining the actual ball charge within …

### Key considerations when selecting a mill lining system

SAG mills generate higher levels of impact reduction and ball mills higher levels of abrading action. A mill lining system serves two purposes: to protect the mill shell from wear caused by the impact and abrasion of the mill charge, and to elevate and tumble the mill contents in the necessary manner to create a grinding action.

### Mill power draw models - SAGMILLING.COM

Mill Power Draw Models. The mill power draw models are used to predict how much power will be consumed by a particular type of mill, mill geometry and set of mill operating conditions. This power is transferred to the ore and used to predict the throughput when combined with the specific energy consumption models.

### SAG Mill | Autogenous and Semi-Autogenous Mills | FL

SAG and AG Mills operate by lifting ore/grinding media and dropping it on the operating bed of the mill charge. High impacts from lifting ore and media promote impact breakage which is the primary mechanism for size reduction in the mill.

### A Method of C alculating Autogenous/ Semi-Autogenous ...

SAG mills mimic the same shortcoming. It follows that in order to obtain the speciﬁ c energy (SE) to achieve a certain transfer size, based on the 80 per cent passing value, an inefﬁ ciency factor must be applied to the SE of single stage ball mills, rod mills or AG/SAG mills when calculating power according to the Bond Third Theory method.

### Mill drives: the desire for increased power and the ...

SAG mill is rated at 29 MW and 78% C.S., with a 42 ft dia. mill built but not yet operational. The more recent option of operating at higher ball charge volumes (15% v/v to 20% v/v) has in turn led to higher motor power ratings. Figure 2: On achieving enhanced operating capability to 18% …

### Grinding Optimization Spotlight | Intellisense

The Ball Charge in SAG and Ball Mills, in other words, the fraction of the mill volume constituted by balls, has a significant impact on the performance of a mill and the greater Grinding circuit. Running at the wrong Ball Charge adversely impacts not only throughput but the consistency of the product particle size (P80) as well.

### Charge segregation and slurry transport in long SAG mills

The charge was emptied out from a SAG mill treating open cast UG2 ore. The mill is a single-stage RoM overflow SAG mill closed with a cyclone …

### Power-based modelling of single-stage AG and SAG mill …

The SGI equation uses a transfer size between a SAG and ball mill; it is proposed that a synthetic transfer size of 2100 µm be used to model single-stage SAG mills. 5.9ˇ √˙˝ ˛ . ˚ 0.96 0.985˜ !"# ˝ $ ˝ √˙˝ %&'() (2) where: SGI is the SAG Grindability Index, minutes, P80 is the SAG hydrocyclone overflow 80% passing size, µm

### Grinding Media - Growth Steel

Sag mill range APPLICATION ENVIRONMENT For SAG milling applications, the diameter of the balls, mill and throw action of the charge provide for a high impact environment - therefore a balance must be achieved between abrasion resistance and impact resistance in SAG balls to avoid excessive breakage.

### Flexible milling and grinding solutions that last | FL

For the mining industry, our semi-autogenous (SAG) grinding mill uses a minimal ball charge in the range of 6-15 percent. It is primarily used in the gold, copper and platinum industries as well as in the lead, zinc, silver, and nickel industries. Autogenous (AG) grinding mills involve no grinding media as the ore itself acts as the grinding media.

### Charge Motion inside a SAG Mill - 911metallurgist.com

Predicting the composition of the SAG mill charge is a difficult task since a number of significant phenomena associated with the charge motion …

### CITIC-Heavy Industries Co. Ltd

CITIC HIC has received an order for SAG Mill Ø7.9m x 5.3m LG – 5,500kW SAG Mill Ø7.0m x 4.1m LG – 2,800kW Ball Mill Ø7.32m x 10.68m... 02 April 2010 SINO Iron Mill Arrive at Site

### CiteSeerX — DEM SIMULATION OF MILL CHARGE IN 3D VIA GPU ...

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Discrete Element Method simulation of charge motion in ball, SAG and autogenous mills has become a standard for lifter design, power draft evaluation, etc. Both two-dimensional and three-dimensional codes are being used. The two-dimensional code dominates the user market since the code …

### Gearless mill drives - ABB

• 28 MW GMD for a 40' SAG mill • 28 MW GMD for 42' SAG mill Whether it is size or an installation at the highest altitude (4600 m.a.s.l.), ABB's GMDs are well positioned to contribute to the building of larger and ever more powerful mills. — Leading the gearless mill drive evolution The ABB gearless mill drive (GMD) is the most powerful ...

### What is the difference between a SAG mill and ball mill?

Principle of SAG Mill operation. SAG is an acronym for semi-autogenous grinding. SAG mills are autogenous mills that also use grinding balls like a ball mill. A SAG mill is usually a primary or first stage grinder. SAG mills use a ball charge of 8 to 21%.[6][7] The largest SAG mill is 42′ (12.8m) in diameter, powered by a 28 MW (38,000 HP ...

### SAG and AG Mill – Amstar Corporation

SAG and AG Mills operate by lifting ore/grinding media and dropping it on the operating bed of the mill charge. High impacts from lifting ore and media promote impact breakage which is the primary mechanism for size reduction in the mill.

### Achievement of High Energy Efficiency in Grinding Mills at ...

SAG Mill Ball Charge The SAG mill was simulated to require a 10-12% ball charge with a top size of 125mm. During the commissioning phase no balls were required to be added to the SAG mill to achieve the target throughput of 575tph. This allows for great flexibility in the future and significant security for the future.

### Mill Charge - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

SAG mills of comparable size but containing say 10% ball charge (in addition to the rocks), normally, operate between 70 and 75% of the critical speed. Dry Aerofall mills are run at about 85% of the critical speed. The breakage of particles depends on the speed of rotation.

### Keeping an eye out for grinding mill dropped charge and ...

Even though Semi Autogenous Grinding (SAG) and Autogenous Grinding (AG) mill charges contains less balls and no steel balls respectively, their large mill volumes can become quite heavy as well. In all three cases (Ball, SAG or AG mill), when the equipment is stopped, the material inside can dry up over time to form a solidified charge.

### Gearless mill drives - Grinding | ABB

Gearless mill drive system (GMD) Go gearless to meet your business objetives by exceeding standard availability targets in your grinding operations. ABB's GMD is the most powerful mill drive system in the market to power semiautogenous (SAG), ball and autogenous (AG) mills, This 'workhorse' for grinding operations combines a robust ...

### (PDF) Developments in the understanding of South African ...

TABLE 1 Comparison of RoM and SAG mill operating regimes Speed, % critical Charge Filling, % total mill volume Bali filling, % total mill volume Internallength Aspect ratio, diameter/length Recycle stream Application AG/SAG 70- 80% 20 - 30% 4-15% 3-5m 0.7 -2 Trommel oversize & J)ebble crusher Primary grind South African RoM 75 -90% 35 - 45% 15 ...

### Frozen charge detection and automatic loosening with ...

low charge levels with small amounts of frozen charge. Figure 3 provides the actual values of speed, torque and mill angle for a Frozen Charge trip at a large SAG mill for reference. The speed is following the preset speed ramp until the trip shuts of the motor and lets the mill oscillate. The torque value is constantly growing and the mill angle

### TECHNICAL NOTES 8 GRINDING R. P. King

LG A mill power equation for SAG mills. Minerals and Metallurgical Processing. Feb 1990 pp57-62. Gross power No load power Net power drawn by the charge (8.13) The net power is calculated from Net power KD2.5L e! c./ Watts (8.14) In equation 8.14, D is the diameter inside the mill liners and Le is the effective length of the mill including the ...

### Dynamic modeling and simulation of a SAG mill for mill ...

The modeling and simulation of semiautogenous (SAG) mills have been widely used in the design and optimization of mill performance in terms of its power draw, processing capacity and product size distribution. However, these models are solved under steady approximation and do not provide any information on mill charge distribution in real time. This …

### Improving Energy Efficiency Via Optimized Charge Motion ...

@article{osti_922135, title = {Improving Energy Efficiency Via Optimized Charge Motion and Slurry Flow in Plant Scale Sag Mills}, author = {Rajamani, Raj K}, abstractNote = {A research team from the University of Utah is working to make inroads into saving energy in these SAG mills. In 2003, Industries of the Future Program of the …

### MillSense - Outotec

The mill charge volume has a great impact on grinding efficiency. For efficient grinding, autogenous (AG) and semi-autogenous (SAG) mills need to be operated with the correct charge in order to maximize their throughput while avoiding overloading. The Outotec MillSense sensor system gives a precise indication of the mill charge volume.

### SAG - Molycop

SAG Balls. MILL LINER BOLT. Twist Lock Pin. Easy Out Bolt. The Molycop range of SAG grinding balls is prepared for impact. Through an innovative manufacturing process we've produced a ball with greater impact resistance and reduced spalling compared to the standard SAG ball, ready to perform in the highest impact SAG milling environments.

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